The Life and Works of Frederick Sanger, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1958, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1980
Dr. Frederick Sanger was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 for his work in determining the structure of insulin, the first protein molecule sequenced. He became only the third two-time recipient of the Nobel Prize when he shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing techniques for sequencing DNA molecules. Dr. Sanger worked first in the Biochemistry Department at Cambridge University in England. Then he worked at the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. I have interviewed Dr. Sanger and many of his colleagues and family members. I continue research to prepare articles for the Bulletin for the History of Chemistry and to write a biography of Frederick Sanger.
Elizabeth Blackburn was announced as a co-recipient of the 2009 Noble Prize in Physiology or Medicine. She is the third graduate student of Fred Sanger to be so honored. Rodney Porter, Sanger’s first graduate student, shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1972; and Cesar Milstein shared the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Sir Hans Krebs said in his 1967 Nature paper*, “Scientific distinction develops if nurtured by distinction.” No truer words could be said of Fred Sanger.
*“The Making of a Scientist,” Nature 215, 1441-1445 (1967).
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